Differences Between Hapkido and Taekwondo: After the Japanese occupation of Korea (1910–1945) ended,
various martial arts masters dedicated their lives to developing and bringing
back the native martial arts of Korea. After almost 40 years of war and occupation
the Korean culture had been all but decimated and replaced by a forced Japanese
culture imposed by the occupiers. It is during this time period of social instability
and political turmoil that Taekwondo and Hapkido established a relation that
will last until today. While both
systems of fighting evolved side by side and cross-pollinated and continue to
do so, they are in themselves two unique systems of fighting. Taekwondo has grown
to be the national sports of Korea and Hapkido the single most respected system
of combat and self-defense taught to military and civilians. Bellow we depict the differences between both
arts in order to clarify the long standing question: Should a person train (or
need to train in both arts?
General Choi Hong Hi
Choi Yong Sul (b.
1904, d. 1986) - Ji Han Jae (b. 1936 )
Korean hanja, tae (태; 跆) means to trample with the foot; kwon (권; 拳) means fist; and do (도; 道) means way, taekwondo is
loosely translated as to the foot and hand way
Hapkido (합기도) -合氣道, -合hap means "harmony",
"coordinated", or "joining"; 氣 KI describes
internal energy, spirit, strength, or power; and 道 DO means
"way" or "art", yielding a literal translation of
"joining-energy-way", but it is most often rendered as "the
way of coordinating energy", "the way of coordinated power" or
"the way of harmony".
Hard Style Martial art
"hard-soft" scale of martial arts, Hapkido stands somewhere in the
middle, employing "soft" techniques similar to jujitsu and aikido
as well as "hard" techniques reminiscent of taekwondo and
Tangsoodo. Even the "hard" techniques, though, emphasize circular
rather than linear movements. Hapkido is an eclectic martial art, and
different Hapkido schools emphasize different techniques. However, some core
techniques are found in each school (Kwan), and all techniques should
follow the three principles of Hapkido.
Olympic Korean martial
Dynamic and eclectic
Korean martial art.
National sport of
South Korean Military,
Secret Service, SWAT H2H combat system
form of self-defense
the belts kicks and straight punches
Sparing – over and
bellow the belt Kick, various Punches, Takedowns, and Grappling
exercise, meditation and philosophy
self-defense exercise, meditation and philosophy.
thrown from a mobile stance, employing the leg's greater reach and power
(compared to the arm). Circular motions that generate power are of central
importance. Also important to the generation of power is the movement of the
hips while performing a punch or a block.
Contains both long and
close range fighting techniques. The purpose of most engagements is to get
near for a close strike, lock, or throw.
circular motion, non-resisting movements, and control of the opponent.
Practitioners seek to gain advantage through footwork and body positioning to
employ leverage, avoiding the use of strength against strength.
generally includes a system of blocks, punches, and open-handed strikes and
may also include various take-downs or sweeps, throws, and joint locks.
Employs joint locks,
pressure points, throws, kicks, and other strikes. Hapkido practitioners
train to counter the techniques of other martial arts as well as common
"unskilled" attacks. There is also a range of traditional weapons
including short stick, cane, rope, sword and staff
instructors also incorporate the use of pressure points, known as ji
ap sul as well as grabbing self-defense techniques borrowed from
other martial arts, such as Hapkido and Judo
Hapkido seeks to be a
fully comprehensive fighting style and as such tries to avoid narrow
specialization in any particular type of technique or range of fighting. It
maintains a wide range of tactics for striking, standing joint locks,
throwing techniques (both pure and joint manipulating throws) and pinning
techniques. Some styles also incorporate tactics for ground fighting although
these tactics generally tend to be focused upon escaping, controlling,
striking and gouging tactics over submissions and emphasizing the ability to
gain one's feet and situational awareness over pins.